Evidence from Sunnah
The Prophet (upon be salah and salam) said: “Cure is in three (things): a drink of honey, a slash of the knife used in Hijamah and branding (cauterizing) by fire. And I prohibit my nation from cauterizing.” [Bukhaaree 5356]
Hijamah (sucking) is the name in Arab traditional medicine for wet cupping, where blood is drawn by vacuum from a small skin incision for therapeutic pain relief and to treat almost any kind of disease, as well as a preventative medicine.
Hijamah (Cupping Therapy) is a form of medicine specifically mentioned and encouraged by The Prophet (upon be salah and salam). Among other hadeeth, it is mentioned in that recorded by Muhammad al-Bukhari (5263) and Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj (2952), saying "The Hijamah is the best of your remedies."
Benefits of Hijamah
Hijamah can be performed anywhere on the body, often at the site of an ache or pain in order to ease or alleviate it.
The benefits of Hijamah include cleansing the exterior parts of the body more than puncturing the veins. Venesection or puncturing the veins is better when used to extract blood from the internal parts of the body. Hijamah entails removing blood from the various parts of the skin.
Hijamah is more beneficial than puncturing the veins in warm areas, warm weather and hot tempered people, whose blood is near maturity (concerning the septic substances in the blood). In this case, the septic, maturing blood will collect near the skin. Hijamah extracts the septic blood more efficiently than puncturing the veins.
This is why using Hijamah for children and those who cannot bear puncturing the veins is better and more useful.
Doctors affirm that Hijamah is better used in warm areas than puncturing the veins and that Hijamah is preferred in the middle of the month or soon after, especially in the last quarter in the month. In the beginning of the month, the blood will have already become irritated (thus carrying septic materials that need to be cupped). In the end of the month, the blood will be idle, unlike the case in the middle and the last quarter of the month when the blood is agitated and sufficiently produced.
Cupping the upper section of the back helps against the aches of the shoulder and the throat. Further, cupping the two jugular veins helps against the ailments of the head, face, teeth, ears, eyes, nose and throat, if these ailments were caused by excessive presence of blood, soiled blood or both.
Hijamah under the chin helps against toothache, face ailments and throat infections when used at the proper time. Hijamah under the chin also cleanses and purifies the head and the jaws. Further, Hijamah on top of the foot substitutes for the puncturing of the saphena, which is a vein on the heel. This kind of Hijamah also helps against the ulcers that occur on the thighs and legs, the interruption of monthly periods and skin irritation on the testicles.
Hijamah therapy offers many therapeutic benefits. It has been used for thousands of years to treat painful symptoms e.g. sciatica, back pain, and clearing congestion in the chest which can occur with colds and flu, but Hijamah has recently gained popularity for it's ability to help tissues to release toxins, de-acidified tissue directly, enhance blood circulation, stimulate the immune system, and reduce stress as it releases chemicals in the brain that reduce stress and depression.
One of the main purposes of Hijamah therapy is to encourage a sufficient supply of nutrition to the affected tissues. Hijamah is believed to stimulate the flow of blood and lymph to the affected area. Thus it improves blood and lymph flow of the corresponding organ, activates its function and at the same time provides rough clear diagnosis through skin discolouration.
Hijamah the corresponding organ points is used in internal medicine disorders to add help to the main stream medicine. Hijamah helps in treating disorders such as liver or kidney problems, respiratory diseases, digestive disorders and some gynecological disorders.
Today, Hijamah is used to treat colds, lung infections and problems in the internal organs. It is also used to treat muscle and joint pain and spasms, particularly in the back. In addition, Hijamah is used to treat painful joints, common cold, cough, stomach ache, vomiting and diarrhea.
Due to its stimulating and strengthening effects, bloodletting Hijamah has been used successfully to help in treatment of many disorders to get and move the blood. It is therefore used particularly for conditions of blood stagnation, poor circulation, asthmatic conditions and cases of polycythemia, a condition due to the rapid formation of blood cells.
Hijamah has an extremely positive effect on many health problems. A large number of symptoms frequently disappear after just a few sessions of Hijamah therapy.
Hazrat Anas (R. A.) said: The Messenger of ALLAH (upon be salah and salam) used to apply cupping on the two jugular veins and the upper part of the back.' [Abu Dawood, at-Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, Ahmad and al-Hakim]
The Messenger of ALLAH (upon be salah and salam) used to apply cupping on three areas, his upper back area and the two jugular veins.' [al-Bukhari and Muslim]
Sunnah Days for Hijamah
If you want to get the best results, follow the Sunnah days for Hijamah. The Sunnah Days are the 17th, 19th or 21st of the Islamic month fall on a Monday, Tuesday or Thursday.
Hazrat Anas ibn Maalik reported The Messenger of ALLAH (upon be salah and salam) said, "Whoever wants to perform Hijamah then let him search for the 17th, 19th and 21st day (of the Islamic, lunar month) and let none of you allow his blood to rage (boil) such that it kills him." [Saheeh Sunan ibn Maajah (3486)].
Hazrat Abu Hurairah (R. A.) reported that The Messenger of ALLAH (upon be salah and salam) said, 'Whoever performs Hijamah on the 17th, 19th or 21st day (of the Islamic, lunar month) then it is a cure for every disease.' (Saheeh Sunan abi Dawud: 3861)
Hazrat Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that The Messenger of ALLAH (upon be salah and salam) said, 'Cupping (Hijama) on an empty stomach is best. In it is a cure and a blessing. It improves the intellect and the memory.
So cup yourselves with the blessing of ALLAH on Thursday. Keep away from cupping (Hijama) on Wednesday, Friday, Saturday and Sunday to be safe.
Perform cupping (Hijama) on Monday and Tuesday for it is the day that ALLAH saved Hazrat Ayub (A. S.) from a trial. He was inflicted with the trial on Wednesday. You will not find leprosy except (by being cupped) on Wednesday or Wednesday night'. (Saheeh Sunan ibn Maajah: 3488)